Guiding Countries in Strengthening their State Systems of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material

Guiding Countries in Strengthening their State Systems of Accounting for and Control of Nuclear Material



At the event, participants were given an overview of COMPASS, launched in 2020, which uses a tailored proach to provide multidisciplinary assistance designed to address a State’s specific needs to strengthen and sustain their SSACs and SRAs. Building on the IAEA’s existing safeguards support to States, COMPASS adds new forms of assistance and brings together these activities into a single, streamlined and multifaceted mechanism for increased effectiveness and coordination.

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At the event, participants were given an overview of COMPASS, launched in 2020, which uses a tailored proach to provide multidisciplinary assistance designed to address a State’s specific needs to strengthen and sustain their SSACs and SRAs. Building on the IAEA’s existing safeguards support to States, COMPASS adds new forms of assistance and brings together these activities into a single, streamlined and multifaceted mechanism for increased effectiveness and coordination.

COMPASS assistance comes in the forms of outreach among stakeholders; procurement of equipment; expertise sharing; IT support; fellowships and scientific visits; training and coaching; and assistance in developing safeguards legal and regulatory frameworks. During the two-year pilot period, seven recipient States have worked with the IAEA, with the support of 14 States and the European Commission, in the implementation of COMPASS: Guatemala, Jordan, Malaysia, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Türkiye and Uzbekistan.

“In Türkiye, we have our first nuclear power plant project, which requires training in both nuclear material accountancy for the plant staff and control of nuclear material for the nuclear regulatory authority,” said Hatem Karakurt, Head of Group, Department of Radiation Practices, Nuclear Regulatory Authority, Republic of Turkiye. “IAEA experts who are responsible for the implementation of COMPASS have carried out flexible, devoted and guiding work in the planning and implementation of assistance to meet Türkiye-specific needs.”

Over the past year, the IAEA, in coordination with the seven pilot States and other partners, implemented a number of activities in accordance with the work plans developed. Tangible results in the legal, administrative and technical areas strengthened cacities of SSACs and SRAs for sustainable safeguards implementation. For example, six COMPASS pilot States received training on the legal basis of safeguards and support in reviewing safeguards laws and regulations. Furthermore, COMPASS pilot States received assistance in the development of procedures and guidelines to effectively account for and control nuclear material.

“Upon completion of the pilot phase at the end of 2022, the Agency will integrate COMPASS into the standard suite of safeguards assistance that the IAEA offers States,” said Massimo aro, IAEA Deputy Director General and Head of the Department of Safeguards. “In the future, the IAEA will also conduct an ISSAS mission for each State receiving COMPASS support.”

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