In the run-up to COP26, IAEA publishes a report on the role of nuclear science and technology in adapting to climate change

In the run-up to COP26, IAEA publishes a report on the role of nuclear science and technology in adapting to climate change



In the run-up to the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP26, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) published a comprehensive report outlining how nuclear technologies can help the world adapt to climate change and become more resilient to extreme weather events.

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In the run-up to the 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP26, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) published a comprehensive report outlining how nuclear technologies can help the world adapt to climate change and become more resilient to extreme weather events.

The new publication Nuclear Science and Technology for Climate Adaptation and Resilience provides case studies of IAEA-backed projects in countries where nuclear technologies are used to address climate-related food, water and ocean challenges. It outlines a wide range of existing nuclear techniques that support sustainable land and water management, climate-smart agriculture, food production systems, greenhouse gas emissions analysis, coastal protection, and ocean change monitoring.

“The world is facing a climate emergency that threatens the lives and livelihoods of people,” said IAEA Director General Rafael Mariano Grossi, who will attend COP26 in Glasgow to explore the role of nuclear energy and technology in containing and promoting the Highlight climate change. “Nuclear technologies offer a concrete way of responding to this challenge, such as: B. breeding more robust plants, protecting scarce water resources and much more – now and in the future. “

World leaders will be theirs at COP26 in November 2015 engagement from Paris limit the temperature rise to well below 2 ° C and aim for 1.5 ° C above the pre-industrial level. Corresponding COP26 declared, the world is not currently on track to meet this goal and further catastrophic floods, bushfires, extreme weather and species extinctions are expected by 2100.

The IAEA will be actively involved in COP26 to raise awareness of the role of nuclear energy in mitigating climate change and to raise awareness of how nuclear science and technology are already significantly contributing to efforts to adapt and monitor climate change. The IAEA will issue a separate report on October 15 on the importance of nuclear power – a low carbon energy source – in moving to clean energy to achieve a net-zero world.

“We have to turn words into actions, and we should use all available scientific tools, including nuclear technology,” said Grossi. “The IAEA is a tried and tested partner in climate protection and will contribute to the discussions at COP26 in Glasgow on how solutions can be accelerated. We hope that this document will serve as a valuable reference for our potential partners. ”

In the period 2012-2020, the IAEA helped 102 countries and territories cope with the effects of climate change through 481 targeted technical cooperation projects with total disbursements of around EUR 112 million.

Over 70% of the IAEA’s climate-related projects focus on climate-smart farming practices and optimizing livestock and crop production. This includes the development through mutation breeding of new, improved crops, such as tomatoes and soybeans, that can thrive in changing environmental conditions, function better in harsh environments or withstand new pathogens. Nuclear techniques can be used to suppress insect pests such as fruit flies or mosquitoes, to fight zika, dengue and other diseases, as well as to monitor soil erosion caused by, for example, heavy rainfall.

As explained in the new document, the IAEA also supports understanding the availability and movements of water affected by climate change. Such information could reveal, for example, that heavy rainfall comes from ancient seawater or estimate the age and location of valuable groundwater resources that are hidden from the human eye. The document also addresses other issues, such as how nuclear techniques combat sea level rise and ocean acidification.

Read more here.

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