What Are Particle Accelerators?

What Are Particle Accelerators?



ion implanters
Ion implanters are widely used in industry to, for example, make materials more resistant to damage from wear and usage. Around 12,000 ion implanters around the world help fabricate semiconductors for cell phones and solar panels. They are also used in metal, ceramic and glass finishings to harden surfaces, make them more durable and improve their longevity. Ion implanters can also improve the reliability of materials used for medical implants, so they are safer to use in the body.

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ion implanters
Ion implanters are widely used in industry to, for example, make materials more resistant to damage from wear and usage. Around 12,000 ion implanters around the world help fabricate semiconductors for cell phones and solar panels. They are also used in metal, ceramic and glass finishings to harden surfaces, make them more durable and improve their longevity. Ion implanters can also improve the reliability of materials used for medical implants, so they are safer to use in the body.

Electron beam accelerators
With almost 10,000 machines in operation globally, electron beam accelerators are an industry work horse. They, for example, help make materials more durable in extreme temperatures or resistant to chemicals. Electron beams are also widely used for sterilizing medical products and foods, and to disinfect sewage water. They are used widely in the automotive and aerospace industries, machine construction and medical product manufacturers.

linacs
Linear accelerators (linacs) may vary in length, from a couple of meters to a few kilometers. Many of them are used in scientific research. The most widely known are the medical linacs installed at hospitals, which create bursts of X-rays that are guided towards tumor cells to destroy them. There are about 1000 medical linacs operating worldwide.

cyclotrons
More than 1200 cyclotrons around the world create proton or deuteron beams for medical uses. They produce radioisotopes that are used for medical imaging to diagnose and subsequently treat cancers. Many cyclotrons are located at hospitals to produce life-saving radiopharmaceuticals containing short-lived radioisotopes for patients.

synchrotrons
The more than 70 synchrotrons are the giants among particle accelerators. They are used for scientific research and are best known for helping us understand the fundamental laws of our universe but also for numerous plications. Scientists use synchrotrons to study chemistry, biomedicine, natural and cultural heritage, the environment, and much more.

Electrostatic accelerators
Electrostatic accelerators, notably tandems accelerators, are less expensive, and scientists use them to investigate material properties, monitor the environment, support biomedical research, study cultural heritage objects and more. With recent boosts in their cacity, experts expect the current 300 machines to grow in numbers in the coming years.

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